Updated on May 27, 11:56 a.m. (GMT+8): Improved relevancy.

They’re the most underappreciated professionals in the esports world, yet without it, esports as we know it wouldn’t exist.

In-game observers are the camera operators of any given title. They’re responsible for what we see on our screens as we watch tournaments.

Valorant Bind attacker spawn in ONE Esports featured image for article "Full list of Valorant map names and their real-life counterparts"
Credit: ONE Esports, Riot Games
Full list of Valorant map names and their real-life counterparts

While it might seem like all observers do is to pop into the spectator slot and watch the game, it’s nowhere near that simple.  

ONE Esports spoke with Nicolas “Yehty” Tesolin, an FPS observer for the Valorant Champions Tour to find out what exactly goes into observing some of the biggest tournaments in the world.  

What does an in-game observer do in esports? 

Esports couples Doinb and Umi, and Kyedae and TenZ in ONE Esports featured image for article "7 esports couples that make us believe in true love again"
Credit: ONE Esports
7 couples that make us believe in true love again

An observer usually directs the flow of a match, through player perspectives and the spectator client. 

There are two types of observers for FPS titles in particular. A POV observer will be solely focused on swapping perspectives in the first-person.

A cinematic or free-cam observer is more focused on wide-angle shots, creative shots, or finding contextual moments that a POV observer might not be able to find.

Valorant, VCT Stage, Esports behind the scenes, sapphiRe
Screenshot by Mika Fabella/ONE Esports

For MOBA titles like League of Legends, you might also have a third type of observer — a replay observer. According to Yehty, replay observers have one of the most fun jobs.

“With an external program called League Director, they get nice cinematic shots within the Summoner’s Rift,” explained Yehty.

“You’re able to scroll through and work limitlessly within the capacity of that spectator client and fly through wherever you feel like across the entire map. It’s a lot of fun.”     

What skills do you need to be an in-game observer?

Valorant, Yehty, in-game observer, VCT, Esports behind the scenes
Credit: Yehty

There are currently no strict qualifications to becoming an in-game observer. Knowing the game is a given, as well as experience with the spectator client.

There’s also another level of familiarity needed with the teams you’re observing, the current meta of the game, how it may shift, and even the mindsets of players.

“You need to be able to predict what’s going to happen before everyone else in that lobby or anyone else viewing would be able to,” shared Yehty.

Best crosshairs used by the Valorant pros ONE Esports featured image with Sentinels' Tyson "TenZ" Ngo
Credit: Riot Games, ONE Esports
The best Valorant crosshair codes used by pro players: TenZ, Demon1, Aspas

“For example, if I know a player that does any cross-map, Average Jonas-style Sova shock darts to try and counter some attacker, I might recognize that they’re going to do that lineup just based on their position on the mini-map. I can set up for that.”

Yehty also says that the ability to stay focused and good mental fortitude are essential traits for in-game observers. Observing can be quite easy to learn, but difficult to master.

The difference in observing FPS games vs. MOBA games

Sentinels' Tyson "TenZ" Ngo at Masters Reykjavik 2021 featured image on ONE Esports on all TenZ Valorant guides
Credit: Riot Games, ONE Esports
Full list of TenZ Valorant guides: Crosshair, settings, climbing rank, anime buffs

According to Yehty, the big difference in observing FPS games versus MOBAs is that you want to see everything in a MOBA, but you don’t necessarily want to see everything in an FPS game. 

With the top-down view of MOBAs, you’ll be able to capture a good amount of action in one frame. The payoff comes in seeing everything come together.

However, in an FPS game, it’s the suspense and tension of not knowing that keeps us glued to our seats.  

Why are in-game observers important?

Valorant, VCT Stage, Esports behind the scenes, Yehty
Screenshot by Mika Fabella/ONE Esports

For starters, without observers, you don’t have a show.

But other than being the ones powering what you see onscreen, observers help make esports less intimidating to viewers, especially at the more complex, professional level. 

“It’s important that what’s being shown can be understood clearly to a viewer so that there’s no confusion about what’s happening at any given moment,” said Yehty.

For more from our interview with Yehty, watch our in-depth video on YouTube.

READ MORE: How to rank up consistently in Valorant, according to nAts